Liability of the automotive agent in the event of a hidden automotive defect

17 août 2022 Equipe rédactionnelle

Liability of the automotive agent in the event of a hidden automotive defect


Garantie des vices cachés et la prescription de cinq ans


Contact téléphone 02 51 05 38 23 et Mail :



You purchased a vehicle from a company specializing in the sale of motor vehicles. You only had contact with this company, even though you signed a certificate of transfer bearing the name of a particular seller.

To guarantee the reliability of the vehicle, the company may have offered you paid insurance.

Perhaps you even bought the vehicle because the company assured you that it had carried out a thorough check or that there were no costs to be expected…

In short, a well-established professional, perhaps with a large fleet of vehicles in his showroom, has reassured you about the qualities of both the vehicle and the after-sales service.

There are also agents without a sales area, who sell in public places, such as station car parks… Pay attention to this.

After a few turns of the wheel, or a few months of use, your beautiful object shows major problems (gearbox – engine – brakes – steering – mileage etc.), prohibiting you from using it.

You then turn to the professional, to ask him to take charge of this disorder, whether it is a hidden defect (defect of the vehicle) art 1641 to 1646 civil code or a lack of conformity (vehicle not corresponding to the vaunted qualities: vintage , origin, accident defect, apparent mileage etc…) article 1604 civil code.


And this one answers you that he is only an intermediary and that it is advisable to request the guarantee from the private seller, the one precisely who was mentioned on the transfer certificate and on the crossed out gray card (which you do not you may never have had in hand), but which you have never seen!
And this particular seller may have disappeared without leaving an address, or may turn out to be insolvent…

In addition, if you have purchased a guarantee, the insurance company replies that it only covers fortuitous cases (exceptional and excluding however vehicles with a lack of maintenance) and excludes the consequences of normal wear or a hidden defect… And in your case it is precisely a hidden defect (we will deal with this problem in another article)

You feel like you’re going in circles and see no way out. Make no mistake, there are avenues available to you.
Indeed, this professional intermediary may be held liable if he behaved like the real seller or if he did not respect his obligation to provide information and advice.


The cases are multiple and complex, judge it :

The intermediary who conceals from the purchaser his quality of agent and behaves like the seller of the vehicle engages his liability for the Hidden Defects (Civil Cassation first chamber December 18, 2014) and the announcement and presentation in a showroom which suggest that the vehicle is the property of the agent will give the judge information on the appearance of quality of ownership of the seller.

It is also the responsibility of the intermediary to ensure that the information put forward was accurate (State of the vehicle and necessary work. Court of Appeal of Versailles third chamber April 1, 2021)

Falsely declaring that the maintenance of the vehicle has been done, which suggests that it is in good working order, also engages the responsibility of the intermediary.

And this guarantee will be all the more retained if the intermediary is a professional mechanic.


As you have understood, each case is specific and requires careful examination by an expert lawyer in automotive matters, who will be able to diagnose whether your file allows the liability of the automotive agent to be engaged.


Liability of the automotive agent in the event of a hidden automotive defect


Le Cabinet Siret et associés, installé depuis plus de 40 ans dans le Grand Ouest est à votre disposition.

Contact téléphone 02 51 05 38 23 et Mail :


SELARL SIRET & Associés – RCS  390 567 519

Numéro d’Identification Intracommunautaire FR 90390567519

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Avocat vice caché automobile
Avocat vice apparent
Avocat vice difficilement perceptible sans démontage
Avocat vice de fabrication
Avocat vice de conception
Avocat carrosserie structure
Avocat oxydation carrosserie
Avocat corrosion perforante carrosserie
Avocat Déformation de longeron
Avocat défaut d’étanchéité de toit
Avocat défaut de la pompe à huile
Avocat défaut de la pompe d’injection
Avocat défaut du système de freinage
Avocat défectuosité du moteur
Avocat rupture d’une bielle Fuite des injecteurs
Avocat défaillance de la fixation des soupapes
Avocat manque de fiabilité
Avocat défaut de direction
Avocat consommation excessive d’eau


Avocat problèmes de vices cachés
Avocat tromperie professionnel automobile
Obligation de sécurité de résultats du garagiste
Obligation de moyens du contrôleur technique
Professionnel de la vente et de la réparation automobile
Présomption de vice antérieur à la vente
Vice en germe lors de la vente
Dépôt vente Mandataire Mécanicien
Avocat vibrations excessives
Avocat courroie de distribution,
Avocat défaut du volant moteur
Avocat kilométrage trop important
Avocat corrosion du plancher et de la coque
Avocat moteur émettant des fumées importantes
Avocat tromperie, falsification du compteur kilométrique
Avocat droit automobile
Avocat litiges garagiste
Avocat consommation excessive d’huile


Clause de non garantie
Remboursement des prix
Remboursement des frais et des honoraires
Expert judiciaire ou amiable
Protection juridique Vendée
Assurance de protection juridique
Véhicule de collection en état de rouler
Usure anormale du véhicule
Avocat boîte de vitesses
Obligation d’information de l’acheteur
Vices difficilement perceptibles sans démontage
Pourparlers, prolongation du délai de deux ans
Prescription quinquennale
Réitération de panne auto moto
Frais d’Immobilisation automobile
Frais de gardiennage auto
Valeur de remplacement véhicule
Véhicule de remplacement ou véhicule de location
Litiges sur facture d’entretien